The Other Animals in the Fair
The animals participating in the zootechnical exhibition belong to the Piedmontese breed. Their origins, according to recent studies, date back to 20.000 years ago.
It seems that the ox descends from a crossbreed between the Pakistani zebu, which reached the Piedmont plains through migrations, and a now extinct wild local bovine, the Uro.
For centuries these animals were employed in field works and transportation and only later in the production of meat and milk.
With the advent of the mechanization and the affirmation of other breeds for milk production, the Piedmontese breed has been devoted to the production of meat.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the appearance of new traits, known as “coscia” and “doppia groppa”, strengthened this tendency. The impressive development of muscular mass led to excellent yield, particularly tender and soft low-fat meat and a delicate but intense flavour.
It is a full-fledged ox “in pectore”, as it has all the necessary features, but it has not yet reached 4 years of age.
The castrated calf
It is a male castrated bovine, still with milk teeth and less than 24 months old.
The “vitellone della coscia”
It is a male bovine, non-castrated, still with milk teeth and less than 24 months old.
The “vitella della coscia”
It is a female bovine, still with milk teeth and less than 24 months old.
It is a female bovine that has never given birth and that is between 24 and 48 months old.
The fat cow
It is a adult female bovine that gave birth several times (in case of a single birth, it is called “prolifera”).
It is a male bovine, non-castrated and older than 24 months.